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Cambridge Complex Numbers Question (1 Viewer)

jjjcjjj892

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Just picked up 4 unit and we have started with complex numbers, so far its fairly easy but still trying to understand the new/abstract concepts.

Any help with the following question is greatly appreciated :D

z has modulus r and argument (theta). Find in terms of r and (theta) the modulus and one argument of:

c) iz
 

jazz519

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modulus is given by sqrt(a^2 + b^2) where those values come from a + ib.

So in the above b=z, a=0

So modulus is z

For the argument(theta) draw out the complex number on an axis of a and b(this one being imaginary)

Find the angle formed through trig rules

In this case it’s just Pi/2
 

jjjcjjj892

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Cheers for the response :) So just letting z1 = 0 + iz, you consider z to be the imaginary part of the expression and not as i(a+ib)? If yes then it makes sense that as there is no real part of z1 the angle must be pi/2 is this correct?
 
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jathu123

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if you havent learnt the above stuff, then let z = a+ib, so iz = i(a+ib) = -b+ia. Now using the modulus formula, |iz| = sqrt( (-b)^2 +(a)^2 ) = r
Note that multiplying a complex number by i means thats you are rotating it by pi/2 radians anticlockwise, hence the new argument will be the argument of z + pi/2, which is theta + pi/2

Edit: z1 = a+ib, where 'a' and 'b' are purely real numbers, so when z1=0+iz, b cannot be z (as z is obviously a non real number). So you need to expand it instead.
 
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1729

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Just picked up 4 unit and we have started with complex numbers, so far its fairly easy but still trying to understand the new/abstract concepts.

Any help with the following question is greatly appreciated :D

z has modulus r and argument (theta). Find in terms of r and (theta) the modulus and one argument of:

c) iz
Multiplying by i is just a geometric anticlockwise rotation of pi/2, there is no enlargement or dilation so iz will also have modulus r.

As above, an argument would be pi/2 + theta
 

jjjcjjj892

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Ah makes sense, cheers for the response, I had thought of splitting the mod of iz up like that but was confused with what to do with mod(i), only now do I realise its 1, seems so simple now ahah thanks for making me see that :D
 

Shadowdude

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Well i = 0+1i, so draw it out on the Argand plane and you'll see the mod has to be 1

Yes it's abstract but you can still draw a picture
 

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