# HSC 2018-2019 MX2 Marathon (1 Viewer)

#### InteGrand

##### Well-Known Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

Find an expression for cos^4x in terms of cos4x and cos2x

Edit: The question is from terry lee so I'm guessing it implies that you use 4U complex techniques rather than 3U, I'm not sure if you can even use 3U for this...

#### Drongoski

##### Well-Known Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

Therefore, using 3U method:

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#### dan964

##### MOD
Moderator
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

What is the modulus and argument of z in this case? I got an answer that was different to the one in the textbook.

Sent from my Redmi Note 4 using Tapatalk
It is is circle of radius centred at 4+4i.

The construction is as follows
Join the points 4+4i (centre C) and origin O, extend this line so that it touches the circle again at B. This line OB will give us the range of values for |z|

To find the arg z, construct a diagram, observe the points E and F where the arg z is max and min, form a right angled triangle. The ratios of the sides will give the external angles, and from there using symmetry, the angles formed by the tangent at E and F at the origin, gives the max and min of the arg z.

In this problem |z| is from
and arg z is from

#### altSwift

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

I understand the 3U method, and I understand the proof for the 4U method, I'm just stumped as to how ur supposed to continue with the 4U method, I seem to be going around in circles lmao

#### fluffchuck

##### Active Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

I understand the 3U method, and I understand the proof for the 4U method, I'm just stumped as to how ur supposed to continue with the 4U method, I seem to be going around in circles lmao

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#### dan964

##### MOD
Moderator
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

next question:

using demoivre's theorem or some other complex number theorems, find the exact value of cos 36 degrees.
go...

#### altSwift

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

ah that makes more sense. we haven't done binomial expansions yet so looks like ill have to do it the long way haha

#### mrbunton

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

z= x+iy, w = u+iv; w = z -1/z. , find locus of w if |z|=2
edit:from patel textbook

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#### fan96

##### 617 pages
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

u didnt fully complete it; the hardest part is finding the relationship between v and w.

Squaring, we have

Replacing variables,

or

Is that right?

#### mrbunton

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

yup

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#### mrbunton

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

polynomial/complex number question:
cot(x)= y+1
a,b are roots of z^2-2z+2=0
prove that ( (y+a)^n - (y+b)^n ) / (a-b) = sin(nx) / sinx^n

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#### fan96

##### 617 pages
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

This is an interesting question I found in the SGS notes.

If is a complex number, find the locus of if

##### -insert title here-
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

This is an interesting question I found in the SGS notes.

If is a complex number, find the locus of if

Polar bash (mod-arg for the high schoolers) makes this problem trivial...

#### mrbunton

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

This is an interesting question I found in the SGS notes.

If is a complex number, find the locus of if

=Re(x+iy -(x-iy)/x^2+y^2)=0
x - x/(x^2+y^2) = 0
times by x^2 + y^2 then divide by x;
0= x^2+y^2 -1;
1 = x^2 + y^2

#### fan96

##### 617 pages
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

=Re(x+iy -(x-iy)/x^2+y^2)=0
x - x/(x^2+y^2) = 0
times by x^2 + y^2 then divide by x;
0= x^2+y^2 -1;
1 = x^2 + y^2

(Be careful of any restrictions you place on the locus)

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#### altSwift

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

This is an interesting question I found in the SGS notes.

If is a complex number, find the locus of if

#### altSwift

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

#### fan96

##### 617 pages
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

As I said above, that's not the correct answer.

The locus is not .

There are certain values of (specifically ) that need to be considered.

(By the way, is not on the unit circle so it's not necessary to explicitly exclude it if the locus was just the unit circle)

I'll post the solution tomorrow if nobody gets the right answer.

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#### altSwift

##### Member
Re: HSC 2018 MX2 Marathon

As I said above, that's not the correct answer.

The locus is not .

There are certain values of (specifically ) that need to be considered.

(By the way, is not on the unit circle so it's not necessary to explicitly exclude it if the locus was just the unit circle)

I'll post the solution tomorrow if nobody can figure it out.
rip, I'll have another go tonight