Shelter task (1 Viewer)

Sammy P

New Member
Feb 27, 2008
Hey everyone, the deal is i have this shelter task and im not sure if im heading in the right direction or just talking out of my anus any help would be much appreciated.

The assignment said "Evaluate the effectiveness of two special types of shelter in achieving justice for both individuals and society."

My two chosen specialised types of shelter are retirement homes/aged care facilities and youth hostels.

this i what i have so far any tips would be much appreciated

[FONT=&quot]Shelter is defined as something beneath, behind or within a being may use to shield themselves from adverse conditions. Special shelters are more specific in that they only apply to one selective group of the public in an effort to give every human their right to shelter. The government in 2000 stated that they would make secure, affordable and appropriate housing a reality within ten years this goal has not been accomplished leaving many Australians with housing inequities and homelessness.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Special shelter is targeted at special groups pertaining that some groups are automatically disqualified from obtaining their housing needs. A youth hostel is a hotel for youth at a reasonably low price. It provides necessities such as showers and beds. Hostels were constructed for economically poor youth who have little money and who seek shelter. Generally most major towns have a selection of youth and non youth hostels ranging from prices depending on the services they provide. [/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Aged care facilities such as retirement homes, are manufactured to suit older people’s needs and lifestyle. Aged carers with medical training are employed due to the fragility of older people’s health thus better meeting their needs. The special types of shelter are able to achieve justice only for their specified groups providing the target group with the fundamental aspects of shelter.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]The special types of shelter are able to provide their specific group of people with adequate shelter but automatically discriminate against people who do not fit the criteria. A young person may stay in an aged care facility and may not have his needs fulfilled because the facilities are more suited to a different sector of society. A youth hostel, as the name implies, is mainly for youths looking for cheap accommodation and a short stay. These criteria may not fit an elderly person so they are more inclined to seek a type of shelter that best accommodates their needs. Different types of shelters are assembled to best accommodate the needs of the target area in which they attempt to help.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Different types of shelter are available for all, and depending on economic status different standards of living are available. The range in economic status accounts for the need of specific shelter; those with a higher economic status expect a higher standard of living and those with a poorer economic status cannot obtain such a standard. This is discriminatory and does not effectively provide shelter for Australians as the economic status is proportional to the standard of living. [/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]A growing elderly and youth population is becoming evident and places in retirement homes and emergency youth housing are becoming more difficult to acquire there is call on the government to fund specialty housing arrangements such as the DoH for groups experiencing shelter inequity. The ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) as based on the 2001 census states that over 90000 Australian’s of varying age are homeless each night. The United Nations Declaration of Human rights (of which [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Australia[/FONT][FONT=&quot] is a signatory) outline shelter requirements for humans. [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Australia[/FONT][FONT=&quot] has ratified certain sections of this treaty but neglected to ratify other such as section 24A which states that shelter should be a right for all.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]The general rise in [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Australia[/FONT][FONT=&quot]’s population generally should match the growth in housing arrangements. This has not been met and calls for reform, to effectively solve this problem are an undergoing process. The lack of government initiative and funding applies pressure to general shelter needs. If elderly and young people are unable to attain the domain which best suits their needs they are forced into the other sectors of shelter such as the public or private sector further elevating demand for property in that area. For justice to be achieved the preference of high economic class over low must be abolished with the government creating more affordable low income housing easing pressure from all sectors of Australian shelter.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Specific shelter manages resources more efficiently than other sectors of shelter. It is able to do this because it understands the needs of specific population groups and manages resources at a minimal cost in an efficient way. Supported accommodation is needed in aged care facilities as the risk of health problems is higher; similarly youth hostels provide only the necessities at a low price as this is what the majority of youth need, thus it is provided. Other sectors have been created as a means of giving shelter to the majority not recognising specialised needs ineffectively completing the task and wasting resources. The targeted shelter area’s can best deal with their specific population groups as they are constructed to match the needs of the group.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]The housing crisis in [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Australia[/FONT][FONT=&quot] places stress under all types of housing including specialty shelter. The federal government has moved to alter the crisis by scheduling programs such as the “National Rental Affordability Scheme” for low income housing to prompt other sectors of housing to, in time make property more affordable thus reducing pressure on places in the specialty sector.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Tenants of public private or specialty sectors are covered by law for the goods they receive (shelter, land, extra services). The Residential Tenancies Act [1979] outlines the rights and duties of landlords and tenants this protects individuals and recognises their right to shelter so long as they abide by the agreements set by the landlord. Also the youth and community services act [1973] and the NSW Department of ageing, disability and home care provide clear obligations, rights and duties when staying in places such as a youth hostel or a group home. [/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]The growing rental crisis forces citizens seeking shelter to undergo substandard shelter requirements due to the lack of property available. Until recently, residents in supported accommodation had few rights but recent inquiries undertaken by NSW Health have shown a gross negligence towards the proper treatment and maintenance of elderly citizen’s health. Because the people in the homes are old and/or ill they may not be able to care for themselves and may be exploited, the government has counteracted claims that the health of the ageing community is not properly enforced with new ageing health care guidelines. (Retirement industry code of practice 1995) The growing concern of the public has led to new laws in this area in recent years. Retirement Villages act 1999 and Aged Care act 1997.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]To enforce the rights of the citizens in shelter facilities they may seek assistance from a range of legal services such as the Accommodation Rights Service, this is a community legal centre, a relatively new centre that deals with disputes quickly, cost effectively and informally to produce the most just result in the most efficient way. Along with various other overseer bodies such as the Dept. of Aged and Health Care’s Complaints resolution scheme provide protection to those seeking specialised shelter. Overall the protection of an individual’s right depends on their abilities to assert them while the recognition of individual rights depends on the type of shelter.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]The values and morals of the community and the laws put in place by statute are of two differing standards the Australian government refuses to ratify a section of the UN’s constitution which states that all people have the right to shelter, although this is widely accepted view throughout the community. This community now calls for reform in the area of shelter as changing social values further gravitate towards the notion of shelter for all. [/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Generally members of the community do not object to shelter but specialised accommodation is sometimes refuted because of the particular values of the community, such as a community of young people having an aged care facility but as long as now laws have been broken the accommodation is usually established. The values of the community are usually abided by in the area of shelter because the accepted morals are that of the vast majority. Any unacceptable shelter establishments that do not effectively achieve justice, because their standards of health are too low or the placement of the facilities, are usually challenged by the community.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The failure of existing law has led to somewhere between 90-110 thousand people homeless on any one night and of this 36000 are from 12-24 years old showing the vast need for specialist care for youth groups. The law has attempted to combat this with funding for homeless shelters increased but still the shelters have a 50% turn away rate rendering the law still ineffective as it fails to complete the aim of having affordable and appropriate housing eliminating homeless people. Support programs such as SAAP are chronically under funded leading to high turn away rates. This was highlighted in the 1989 Burdekin report and the government has vowed to act to lessen the amount of homeless in [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Australia[/FONT][FONT=&quot] but yet the numbers remain high.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]The composition of Australians and in turn the changing social values are shifting to favour the older, sections of Australians. [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Australia[/FONT][FONT=&quot] has an ageing population leading to a higher demand in aged care and nursing home facilities than ever before. This fact prompts the dire need to construct affordable housing that suits specific population group’s needs and in turn help reduce the amount of shelter inequities. Recent reports also call for reviews and more precautions to safeguard and protect those in specific shelter. As many health inequities occur within specialty shelter because the people seeking the shelter are either to young, in fear they will be evicted, do not know to assert their rights and are often unaware they are being discriminated against. This occurs regularly in a recent article by the Herald sun there were 10 deaths in Endeavour nursing home in Springwood because of poor health standards, calling for tighter specialty care standards.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]For shelter to be anti-discriminatory and provide adequate standards for all it must be constantly updated and reviewed as community values and ethics change over time. There are multiple bodies in place which can recommend changes, alterations and new laws in the area of shelter and these include: Shelter reform action committee and the Australian law reform commission these bodies enable change through recommendation but can only provide recommended change, it is because their power is limited the law is slow to adapt to the changing social and moral values of contemporary society.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Specific shelter is the most efficient type of shelter; protection and recognition of individual rights differ from types of shelter as it may be easier or more difficult for an individual to assert their rights in a different system of shelter. The equality and accessibility of the types of shelter depend on the economic status of the individual as [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Australia[/FONT][FONT=&quot] is in a property crisis, the number of available housing structures is low and available housing structures are at a high price placing those who need them in financial stress. Shelter is discriminatory in that the higher a persons economic status the better the standard of living leaving some with poor standards of living and (because of the housing crisis) little money.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Various bodies have been constructed as “watchdogs” to the shelter sector maintaining that the standards remain at a high level. The community’s values, ethics and moral standards are upheld because the acceptance of universal shelter is a widely accepted idea. Reviews and justice centres are the main weapons that have been constructed in the fight for shelter equality and justice and are constantly updated and re-evaluated to make sure they are effectively achieving just outcomes. The individuals and the community usually agree that shelter should be provided for all thus there are little to no disputes over shelter. Only when a specified type of shelter is preposed in an area that consists of a majority of another specified type are there any causes for disputes.[/FONT]
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[FONT=&quot]Special shelter will always be discriminatory because it only applies to a targeted group, also economic status will always be present meaning that some economically disadvantaged people will obtain a lesser standard of living. The law is slow to change but is constantly reviewing and reforming its laws, justice achieving practises and the shelter bodies themselves in order to maintain a certain standard of shelter that is required. Shelter is effective at achieving justice but it could become even more effective with further enhancement and reform as social values change.[/FONT]

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